T4 was built by FCC in 2005, assuming a challenge of engineering and construction and forming part of the largest civil works in the world, as they have reported in the video that they have shared from their YouTube channel. The project also included the creation of two new runways, a public and private transport connection, as well as the construction of three buildings, which are the new terminal building, the satellite building and parking.
T4 was built in 2005, applying the basic principles on which the design of the spanish Antonio Lamela and the british Richard Rogers, which are: flexibility, clarity and natural light.
More than half a million meters built and a length of 1,142 meters constitute the terminal building, that is one of the largest buildings built in Europe. There, 144 check-in counters are distributed, of the more than 26 airlines that currently operate. Also, it is constituted by three parallel volumes, orientated in South-North direction, distributed in 6 plants. The modules are separated from each other by the guns, which are empty spaces between the platform flush and the roof, through which natural light would be obtained, as well as through the glazed walls. They would also reduce the energy consumption.
The parking has a capacity for 9,000 vehicles. It is composed of 6 modules, 5 floors each, which are functionally independent. It should be noted that 56,600 m² of continuous plant cover, that is the largest in Europe.
On the other hand, the satellite building would house international flights, with more than 26 parking spaces for aircraft. It’s connected to the new terminal by means of the airport services tunnel, which is 3 km long, under the parking platforms and across the runways. This tunnel would allow the passenger connections between both buildings, facilitating through the Automatic Transit System of Luggage (SATE), to streamline operations.
The execution of the T4 by FCC would have meant “the use of proprietary technology and innovative design”, that allows possible future extensions.
Some of the prizes mentioned would have received this infrastructure, such as those awarded by the Royal Institute of British Architects, the Stirling Prize, the International RIBA European Awards 2006 and the Puente Internacional de Alcántara Prize.